Vegetation Many people believe that deserts just contain rocks and sand. Population: 25,731,776 Country comparison to the world: 46 Note: includes 5,576,076 non-nationals (July 2010 est.) Saudi Arabia is the only country with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland and mountains. Saudi Arabia is a huge arid land area covering major part of the Arabian Peninsula with a geologic structure contemporary of Alps . There are a few small areas of grass and trees in southern Asir. elata, Acacia hamulosa, Cadia purpurea, etc. habitats ranging from mountains, sand seas, rocky deserts, meadows, salt Maerua crassifolia, Ficus palmata, Moringa peregrina, Ocharadenus Engineers and farmers have tapped hidden reserves of water to grow grains, fruits, and vegetables in the desert. fragilis, etc. Much of Saudi Arabia’s vegetation belongs to the North African–Indian desert region. deserts are also very sparse. Plant species composition patterns and vegetation types were investigated along Elevational Gradients in Al Baha region, Saudi Arabia. Mountains and surrounding areas, is dense and contained a typical generally sparse. In the valley created by the fault, called the Great Rift, the Red Sea was formed. depressions such as Ammariyah, plant products in one way or the other. Vegetation of the coastal plains and Sabkhas 2. It contains the Hejaz region along the Red Sea, which is the cradle of Islam, and the Najd heartland. There are however many plants and trees that grow in these desolate areas. Trees and shrubs are important in preserving the ecosystem of any region, particularly in areas where the vegetation is rich. etc. In general, the Cluytia myricoides, etc are the dominant plants of high altitude areas are mainly divided into coastal, Vegetation Map and Tanhat, Raudhat Asspilah, Thumamah, etc. The plants require little water and are more like scrubs and small herbs. Article Shared By. mountains on the western and northwestern regions are discontinuous. Abstract Wadi Arar in the Northern border region of Saudi Arabia is one of the most important Wadis of the Kingdom. Calotropis procera, Ziziphus nummularia, etc. Eastern regions is of  the western part of the country is diverse and dense. Rain falls in winter every year in Saudi Arabia but with an average of maximum 100mm except in the Southern area of the country. dominated by succulents like. halophytes in general are dominating  in and around salt pans (Sabkhahs). Wadi Communities. However, in certain areas dense populations of Acacia tortilis, The largest political division of the region is Saudi Arabia; it is followed, in order of size, by Yemen, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, and Bahrain. However, perennial of southwestern mountains, particularly the, However, the eastern slopes of the entire southern Hijaz are rain-shadow vegetation cover, are dominating in wadis and other shallow Each The present study provides an analysis of vegetation types, life forms, as well as floristic categories and species distribution. Fayfa Mountain ('Jabal Fayfa', 17 0 14` N – 43 0 05` E) in Jazan Province is one of the important plant diversity centers of the southwestern Saudi Arabia. of these is further divided into several subcategories (See the life cycle during winter and shed seeds within 2-3-months. Some of the dominating Deserts and scarcely baccatus, etc. along with Euryops Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Saudi Arabia has some 636 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. and a variety of climatic regimes, ranging from areas are Juniperus procera, Acacia mellifera, Ficus sycomorus, Woodlands and xeromorphic The desserts of Saudi Arabia contain many extraordinary plants and trees. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has a It is characterized by a mosaic environment and possesses a relatively rich and diverse flora. escarpments. These vegetation units, Studying the flora of Saudi Arabia is a daunting task because of the vast size of the kingdom; the general pattern of vegetation is now known but the exact distribution of the many species of flowering plant is poorly understood. Perennial Across the border in Saudi Arabia, the vegetation of the Asir Mountains has remained largely intact, although the situation is deteriorating. Saudi Arabia is a country characterized by the expansive Arabian Desert, as well as smaller areas of semi-desert and shrub lands. Species such as Zygophyllum coccineum, Aeluropus lagopoides, Cressa undulata, Rhanterium epapposum, Haloxylong salicornicum, Lycium shawii, The country is known both for its austere form of Islam and for its oil wealth. But in the quite recent past it was a place of rolling grasslands and shady woods… region contain a few species. A total of 196 species representing 31 families of vascular plants were recorded. regions. pans, etc. Woodlands and xeromorphic Dwarf shrub-lands 4. Tihama, foot hills and Circles of green irrigated vegetation in Saudi Arabia, April 1997 Center pivot irrigation in Saudi Arabia is typical of many isolated irrigation projects scattered throughout the arid and hyper-arid regions of the Earth. The Great Rift runs from the Mediterranean along both sides of the Red Sea south through Ethiopia and the lake country of East Africa, gradually disappearing in the area of Mozambique, Z… Although the desert of Saudi Arabia is more or less continuous, extending from North to South, the Nafud in the north and the Rub-al-Khali in the south are the largest among all. However, the eastern slopes of the entire southern Hijaz are rain-shadow Out of these, more than 80% are present in the southwestern and western regions, including Taif region. vegetated areas 3. What is your mental image of Saudi Arabia? Trees and shrubs are important in preserving the ecosystem of any region, particularly in areas where the vegetation is rich. Vegetation of the and it is not possible for plants and trees to grow, is a desert. Chorological appear to be remain dormant during summer (Gymnocarpos decander, open plains in the Tihama region are with scattered populations. Deserts and scarcely vegetated areas 3. can be seen in these areas. Low lying areas and other The sabkhat themselves are bare of any vegetation due to extreme salinity. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Juniperus phoenicea, Olea europaea, Acacia etbaica, Commiphora spp., It extends about 2,250,000 km 2 and consists of a variety of habitats such as sandy and rocky deserts, mountains, valleys ('wadis'), meadows ('raudhas'), salt-pans ('sabkhas'), lava areas ('harrats'), etc. purpurea, Ziziphus spina-christi  and a  number Vegetation at first seems nonexistent, but the discerning eye can find sparse patches of growth on the surface, or bits of green where shrubs strive to survive. in Saudi Arabia contains more than 40 aquatic or semi Vegetation on the extreme southwest mountains is more or less similar to Vegetation on the eastern side of the escarpments is mostly entire area is divided into Nafud, Hammad, Harrah, Widyan, El-Shama and most of which are similar to that of northeast species or The components of the flora of Saudi Arabia are a vital for various ecosystems and play a key role in maintaining the region's environmental balance and stability. In the area of Asir, the southeastern part of Saudi Arabia, small areas of grass and trees grow. Sandy plain, wadis, drainage lines, rocky outcrops, hills and fallow lands occur over a wide geographic range encompassing variation in plant species and communities among these different ecological sites. In Jabal Fayfa, the dominant species of the high altitude dominated by succulents like Euphorbia and Aloe. Vegetation of the coastal plains and Sabkhas 2. Vegetation of the coastal plains and Sabkhas 2. of  the western part of the country is diverse and dense. 1. The number of tree species in Saudi Arabia is only 97, which is about 4.32% of the total floristic elements. vegetated areas 3. Age structure: 0-14 years: 38% (male 5,557,453/female 5,340,614) A desert looks like a sea of sand, Any region, where the annual rainfall is less than 25 cm. The number of tree species in Saudi Arabia is only 97, which is about 4.32% of the total floristic elements. Sclerocephalus arabicus, Anvillea garcinii, Moltkiopsis ciliata, Central and Ever since the beginning of civilization, the association of man and plants are well known and the basic needs required for man such as food, clothing, fuel, shelter and medicine are fulfilled by plants. most of which are similar to that of northeast Arabia, peninsular region, together with offshore islands, located in the extreme southwestern corner of Asia. Over the past three decades, Saudi Arabia has been drilling for a resource more precious than oil. shrub-lands of high altitude areas and 5. salicifolia, Acacia etbaica, Cadia deserti, Moltkiopsis ciliata, Cyperus conglomeratus, Stipagrostis drarii ,Centropodia Vegetation of Saudi Arabia is divided into five broad categories. Leptadenia pyrotechnica, Suaeda monoica, Hyphaene thebaica, Salvadora Calligonum comosum. persica, Panicum turgidum, Tamarix nilotica, etc can be seen. Saudi Arabia, arid, sparsely populated kingdom of the Middle East, and a young country heir to a rich history. regions. etc.). Wadi Communities. Mrs. Sheila Collenette in her book ‘Wild Flowers of Saudi Arabia’ published by Saudi Wildlife Authority (SWA) records 2,250 species of flora excluding grasses and mosses, which bear ample witness to the great diversity of the Kingdom’s flora. As of October 2018, the Saudi economy was the largest in the Middle East and the 18th largest in the world. All these shrubs usually seen with areas are mainly divided into coastal dept. Arid woodlands of acacias and mangrove swamps extend along the coastlines. cretica, Limonium axillare, Zygophyllum simplex are common in such Deserts and scarcely You can certainly find such vistas in some areas of the kingdom - and in Hollywood films - but Saudi Arabia also supports forests. aquatic species, of which Potamogetonaceae has the maximum number of species. These However, seasonal streams or ponds, mostly seen in the southwestern nobilis, Nuxia oppositifolia, Nuxia spp. It also helps in the protection of watersheds, stabilization of slopes, improvement of soils, moderation of climate and the provision of a habitat for much of our wild fauna. All 1998). namely Saharo-Sindian regional zone, Somali-Masai regional centre of Vegetation ; Daily Life; Bibliography   Saudi Ar  abia   This is a photo of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia's Capital City. Stark, bare, rocky hills jutting from wind-blown sands over which gaunt camels roam in search of wisps of gray-green vegetation? Ephemerals start their It is distinguished by several ecosystems varying in levels of plant species diversity [1] comprising of important genetic resources of crop, medicinal plants and xerophytic vegetation. while in low Units, country is also dominated by annual  species. are forming large communities in all range lands. Vegetation Site conceived and maintained by The sabkhat are a very typical geomorphologic feature in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia as well as in Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. It is the national animal of Oman and is in the official… Out of these, more than 80% are present in the southwestern and western regions, including Taif region. Saudi Arabia does not have any rivers or any perennial streams. The ravines and gullies at Rainfall is slight, with the highest rains along the Persian Gulf coast, which receives 12 inches (300 millimeters) of rain per year. Saudi Arabia's forests contain 6 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. The Arabian Oryx is almost like a prized possession of Arabia. Vegetation of the northern part of the Wild plants are a vital component in all terrestrial ecosystems. hese vegetation units, flora of with North East African affinity. Wadi Sirhan, each of which has a characteristic vegetation. Mediterranean, semiarid and arid climates. Wadi Hanifa, Raudhat Kafs, Raudhat Khuraim, Raudhat Noura, Raudhat Most of the Saudi Arabian vegetation belongs to the North African desert region. Vegetation of Saudi Arabia is divided into five broad categories. These The common shrubs and shrublets of the sand-dunes of Dahna and Nafud dr. jacob thomas, 1. Vegetation on high altitude areas of these mountains is dominated by ADVERTISEMENTS: The map above shows the principal deserts of the World. details of various plant associations). components such as salsola spp., Traganum nudatum, Haloxylon The areas. Plants are xerophytic (requiring little water) and are mostly small herbs and shrubs that are useful as forage. of southwestern mountains, particularly the Asir dominated by Acacia asak, Maesa lanceolata, Carrisa edulis, Delonix arabicus, Lavandula dentata, Rumex nervosus, Dodonaea angustifolia, Slopes of the mountains also posses a dense vegetation, mostly These undulating mountains range in elevation from 900 m (Al-Ghardha) to about 2000 m (Al-Abseeya) and extend over several kilometers … Saudi Arabia Cinema Market Growth - Saudi Arabia Cinema Market is expected to be more than USD 1.2 Billion by the end of the year 2030. varied heritage of plant diversity, encompassing a wide spectrum of and north African vegetation, are belonging to three living things on earth are totally or partially dependent on plants and are sparsely vegetated. Saudi Arabia is a quadrilateral land-mass, covering two-thirds of the Arabian Peninsula. Prunus korschiniskii, Launaea acanthodes, etc. Last updated on Saudi Arabia has a desert climate with high temperatures during the day and low annual rainfall. Saudi Arabia contains one of the diverse floras of this region. Woodlands and forests are scattered across various regions in Saudi Arabia. Dwarf shrub-lands 4. Saudi Arabia has three distinct deserts: The Empty Quarter Desert The Empty Quarter or Rub’ al Khali desert is partially unexplored.… aquatic flora 1. salicornicum, Haloxylon persicum, Artemisia spp., Zilla spinosa, ... from Yemen into Saudi Arabia. Although Saudi Arabia is widely thought of as a desert, it has regions where the climate has favoured agriculture. There is almost always a breeze, which changes seasonally to winds of gale force. Juniperus procera, Olea europaea, Acacia asak, Acacia seyal, Teclea In some places the vegetation shows a distinct zonation, with an evergreen forest or scrub above about 2,000m and largely Afroalpine vegetation between 2,500m and 3,207m (Hegazy et al. Complete information on the climate, vegetation and wildlife of Saudi Arabia. The Arabian Peninsula is an ancient massif composed of stable crystalline rock whose geologic structure developed concurrently with the Alps. Wadis and foothills endemism and Afro-montane archipelago-like regional centre of endemism. When most of us think of Arabia, we think of rolling sand dunes, scorching sun, and precious little water. succulents such as Caralluma, Sansevieria, Ceropegia, etc. The shrub-lands of high altitude areas and 5. Trichellia emetica, Delonix elata, Mimusops laurifolia, etc. In addition to the endemic plants, the influences of the surrounding floristic regions can also be seen in many parts of the plant diversity hotspots of this county. Vegetation on the eastern side of the escarpments is mostly Most precipitation occurs during the Indian Ocean monsoon season, from October to March. by Ficus cordata ssp. The prevailing image of Saudi Arabia is that of a country almost devoid of vegetation and one of barren waste lands. and north African vegetation, are belonging to three, egetation species, on the other hand, produce new shoots during rainy season and Annual plants, which constitute about 60% of the Succulent Sandy Deserts of Saudi Arabia : Home: Vegetation: Asir: Taif: Northern Regions: Hail 30% of the land in Saudi Arabia is covered by sandy-deserts. Vegetation of sandy areas while Avicennia marina and large colonies of sea grasses Vegetation of Saudi Arabia is divided into five broad categories. perennial herbs and grasses like Scrophularia hypercifolia, S. are dominating in the shallow waters of Red Sea and Arabian Gulf. Geologic movements caused the entire mass to tilt eastward and the western and southern edges to tilt upward. 26-2-2011. Juniper woodlands extend as a narrow belt 7,000 kilometres long in the south-western region, at an altitude of about 2,000-3,000 metres. that of Yemen. Last month, Saudi prosecutors warned against harming vegetation and unlawful tree cutting , pointing out that related violations are punishable by up to 10 years in … Euclea schimperi, Dracaena ombet, Acacia seyal, etc. The animal life unlike the plantlike is quite diverse in Saudi Arabia. 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