Read our top 10 interesting facts about the UNESCO awarded Galapagos Islands. Once thought to be a single species, the tortoises of the Galápagos Islands are now considered to be several different species. Ninety-seven percent of the islands are a national park and half of the land species (and one fifth of the marine species) are endemic to the Galapagos. The Galapagos Islands are a small island chain, known for their unique wildlife. Due to the uniqueness of the islands and ocean waters there are vast numbers of endemic species including: Galapagos land iguanas, marine iguana (the only iguana that feed in the sea), sea cucumbers, flightless cormorant, blue-footed booby, Galapagos mockingbirds, Galapagos Penguin, Galapagos sea lions, Galapagos hawk, great Frigatebird, waved Albatross, and over 50 species of fish. 1832 - Ecuador annexed the Galapagos Islands. Lizards, iguanas, turtles, sea lions, and finches, are some animals that live on the Galapagos islands. Though large Galapagos Sharks can be aggressive, the smaller ones we have seen while snorkeling were among the most human-shy of all the Galapagos Islands animals. (April 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template messageThis is a list of animals that live in the Galápagos Islands Galápagos tortoise facts, pictures and information. In 2009, the Galapagos pink iguana (Conolophus rosada) was officially described as a separate species of Galapagos land iguana.There are less than 100 individuals left meaning that they are a critically endangered species. Being so playful and inquisitive, these cute animals are often compared to pet dogs! 2. The Galapagos Islands are an archipelago of volcanic islands located 563 miles (906 km) directly west of Ecuador. The Galapagos Fur Seal. This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Here are some facts about the Galapagos Islands. They are thought to weigh in the region of 250-250kg, and live longer than any other animal on the planet. Click for more kids facts and information or download the worksheet collection. This reserve, which lies a thousand kilometres from the Ecuadorian mainland was set up in 1998 to protect the waters around the Galapagos Islands and the many species of animals and fish that live there. Believe it or not, the Galapagos Islands … Because of a large number of endemic animals, specific climatic conditions on different islands and isolation from the outside world, he could systematically study the impact of specific factors on the morphology […] This island is also home to many rare and unique animals. One important but fun fact about Galapagos Islands is that it is home to the endangered but unfearful wildlife, which can get the visitors some of the rarest animals on the planet. Practical Facts About the Galapagos Islands 27. The abundance of friendly and plentiful wildlife makes the Galapagos Islands a perfect destination for animal lovers. Travelers from all across the globe come here to spot the islands’ incredible variety of endemic animals. The Galapagos archipelago is perhaps one of the most bio-diverse places on earth. The Galapagos Marine Reserve covers 133,000 square kilometres. The Galapagos are a series of tropical islands found 550 miles (900 km) off Ecuador’s coast. The Galapagos Islands make a wonderful place to visit, and many people each year take a Galapagos Islands cruise or land-based Galapagos tour to get to see the wildlife and enjoy the unusual volcanic scenery. 1835 - The HMS Beagle under the command of captain Robert FitzRoy brought Charles Darwin to the islands where he studied the natural history of the islands, its flora, and its animal inhabitans. Learn Galapagos Islands facts with NatGeo Expeditions. They've captivated visitors since Charles Darwin visited in 1835, but how much do you really know? Adaptation, evolution, endemism and fearlessness are probably the concepts that best describe the only animals that complement the natural magic of the Galapagos Islands. Both cities can easily be reached with direct flights from the United States. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. The Galapagos Islands are one of the world’s favorite travel destinations. The Galápagos Islands are famous because of the scientist Charles Darwin.After studying the plants and animals on the islands in the 1800s, Darwin developed his theory of evolution.The theory, which explains how living things change over time, changed the science of biology forever. Situated off the coast of Ecuador, the Galapagos Islands are famously where Charles Darwin developed his theory of natural selection. On this page, you will find a detailed description of all species, including the information on which islands and spots they can be observed and which tours connect to these spots at which date. Penguins, fur seals, giant tortoises, marine iguanas, blue-footed boobies, hawks—the list is endless. Here, we run through some facts … The islands have a fantastic history filled with explorers, pirates, and sailors. Over 600 miles from continental Ecuador, the Galapagos Islands are home to few native mammals. The size and shape of animals living in the Galapagos is not like ordinary animals. He was largely inspired by the incredible endemic species – like the Galapagos Islands flamingos. Sadly, one of the only animals in the Galapagos Islands to be fearful of people. The reptile is found in many places in the archipelago; with colonies at the end of Tortuga Bay on Santa Cruz, Fernandina and Isabela Islands. Interesting facts about Galapagos National Park. They are true giants! The … The oldest island, Española , was formed three to five million years ago, when molten rock called ‘magma’ burst through the sea bed, gradually forming a volcano that rose out of the sea. Straddling the equator, islands in the chain are located in both the northern and southern hemispheres, with Volcán Wolf and Volcán Ecuador on Isla Isabela being directly on the equator. Understand what makes these Islands so special with our range of interesting information and trivia. The seven of the total islands in Galapagos Islands are occupied by these tortoises. The movie Captain and Commander was filmed on the islands of Bartholomew and Santiago. ; The name 'galapagos', an old Spanish word for 'saddle', was originally used by Bishop Tomas and his crew to describe the giant tortoises but the name stuck. Galapagos is a harsh, remote land, and the species that arrived there did not survive by diversifying, but rather by evolving specific traits to suit a certain niche in the environment. 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