Powers in rights are “the ability within asset of rules to alter then normative situation of one self or another” (Arnold et al., 2010, p.572). Virtues form a fundamental part of moral philosophy and by failing to observe the importance of protecting employees through safety measures, the Massey Company and its management was not virtuous in their leadership. The welfare of the workers in the Upper Big Branch had long been a subject of confrontation with the government mines and safety body (MSHA) that indicated the presence of a series of previous safety violations and uncared for fatalities. Your privacy is extremely important to us. Honest action never possess hidden intentions and it remains perfectly controlled by innate emotions towards doing the right to others and justice to ourselves. It was the duty of care for the employer of Massey to protect and care for the miners drilling oil. Rights, then, play a central role in ethics. Following ethical dilemmas and ethical lapses in business practices that became eminent in the 1970s, the concept of business ethics emerged to expound business ethical principles (Arnold et al., 2010). Although little equipped with oxygen tanks and masks, the tanks possessed little oxygen that limited the required air supply. on M&As or disposals). which is not directly addressed by rights ethics). The foremost portion of business ethics understands the theory of rights as one of the core principles in the five-item ethical positions that deem essential in the understanding of moral business practices (Gardiner, 2003). In this sense, human beings have been described as having rights to property, "to life, liberty, and the pursuit happiness" ( United States Declaration of Independence, 1776), as "free and equal in rights" ( Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, 1789), and as having rights "to share in scientific advancement and … 2.1 The Means Justify the Ends versus the Ends Justify the Means A few different business ethics theories exist, such as the utilitarian, rights, justice, common good and virtue … Required fields are marked *. Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. Lord Hastings set the scene with a thought-provoking talk on WHAT are we talking about, when we talk about human rights, in this era of digitisation, when most consequential decision are (soon to be) made by computers? Business ethics is a broad field because there are so many different topics that fall under its umbrella. (2004). The case of death in Massey’s Energy Company represents considerable lapses in business ethics experienced in the company in which management was responsible. The rescue teams did little to contain the situation as it forced them to enter the mine in turns. Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that determines right from wrong by focusing on outcomes. It gives an overview of some practical tools and frameworks that organisations can use to minimise the risk of human rights abuses in all their operations, including some recent examples of good practice. Learn how your comment data is processed. In the fire tragedy of January 2006, Massey Company and its Upper Big Branch failed to fix the conveyor belt that caused fire, there were accumulations of combustible materials, and there was the absence of carbon monoxide monitors. This is IvyPanda's free database of academic paper samples. Laws are rules that must be obeyed, both voluntarily and involuntarily, whereas ethics are voluntary. In the context of on-going consultations around the proposed UN Treaty for transnational business and human rights, the debate has recently focused on hard v. soft law, or mandatory v. voluntary initiatives. We utilize security vendors that protect and ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe. Retributive or corrective justice means that organizational members receive punishment or correction in a fair and justified manner and organizations should punish members depending on the set rules and regulations, but not on biased terms. The proposed UN Treaty on Transnational Business and Human Rights; UNGP implementation through National Action Plans and other initiatives; Collaboration between state and business agents on human rights issues; Voluntary initiatives to help businesses increase their support for human rights; Recent developments in whistleblowing policy, and implications for human rights; The role of the state in company disclosures on social responsibility and human rights. 2. The right to come together and meet in order to achieve goals. "Business Ethics: Utilitarianism, Rights, Justice, Caring, and Virtue theories." Rights ethics holds that normative ethics is concerned with rights. Arnold, D., Audi, R., & Zwolinski, M. (2010). Explosive gas methane and carbon monoxide elongated the rescue time. Please click here to access the programme. A deadening explosion had cleaved through the underground coalmine and unfortunately trapped an unidentified number of shift miners inside the mine. This essay on Business Ethics: Utilitarianism, Rights, Justice, Caring, and Virtue theories was written and submitted by your fellow student. The need to live a life of justice has been among the contemporary matters especially in organizations where moral leadership is essential. Last time, we talked about the Utilitarian Approach to ethical decision-making. Gardiner, P. (2003). The storyline of the explosion indicated that the rescue team appeared at the scene some hours after the explosion, meaning that the company had no specialists to counter an explosion. Though the view that business has human rights responsibilities has attracted a great deal of positive attention, this view continues to face many reservations and unresolved questions. The issue of government procurement can also be seen as an international trade concern. Perhaps among the most practicable theories that fit perfectly in the case of death tragedy at Massey Energy Company is the care theory that presents the realm intentions of ethical business practices. Business Jargons Business Ethical Theories Ethical Theories Definition: The Ethics is the branch of philosophy that deals with the principles of morality and the well-defined standards of right and wrong that prescribe the human character and conduct in terms of obligations, rights… This was followed by a good look at the EU Directive on whistleblower protection – based on in-depth document analysis – and how it relates to freedom, security and autonomy. Business Ethics: Utilitarianism, Rights, Justice, Caring, and Virtue theories. All other theories including utilitarian, justice, and rights, with some little exception of the virtue theory that seems less competent in business practices, have their inspiration of laws and regulations that contain the concept of obligatory. The Massey Energy Company owned numerous mining companies across the United States. Dr Opi Outhwaite opened the proceedings with a paper on government procurement, and the gap between hard law and soft law on human rights. These rights are natural rights and conventional rights as created by the society in which that person lives in. A right defends an interest that should not be frustrated. Basing its principles on normative ethical standards, the ethical decision making process seems quite straightforward. Finally, on recognising the need for internal approaches (as opposed to external regulation), the GBI launched a new tool last year, the Business Practice Portal. Ethical leadership is part of ethical business practices and it entails instilled democracy. The Long Road to Business and Human Rights Reform: Law, Policy and Social Justice in the Cotton Fields of Uzbekistan; Dr. It is a form of consequentialism. Attention to rights ensures that the freedom and well-being of each individual will be protected when others threaten that freedom or well-being. Give two reasons why political rights are important to business ethics. Although justice theory and its principles may focus entirely on the relationship between workers and the way an organization ensures equity amongst them, looking at the direct relationship between the miners and the Massey Company is integral. Rights theories maintain that there are things we cannot do against individuals because they are holders of moral rights. The ethics of care stipulate that individuals should be capable of, if necessary, meeting the demands of others and themselves in a mutual rapport. Endorses them badly injured enough workplace material including oxygen tanks and masks, the subject of ethics focuses on relationships. Of benefits and burdens among the contemporary matters especially in organizations where leadership... 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